District Profile

Location of District

Ghaziabad lies in North western plain zone of Upper Gangatic Plain adjacent to capital of India. Approximate 35 km form Delhi on National Highway-58 from Delhi to Dehradun. The District is surrounded in north by district Meerut & Baghpat, in South by district G. B. Nagar, in east district Hapur and in west by Delhi.


Geographical Situation

Latitude 770 25’ 48.838 East and
Longitude 280 39’ 48.689 North


Altitude

209 Meter above Mean sea level


Area in sq km-

488 km2


Major Rivers

Hindon


Major Source of Irrigation

Ganga Cannel


Rainfall

780 mm/year


Temp-Max & Min

Max 37-42OC, Min 4.5-6.9OC


No. of Villages

234


TEHSILS (Names)

02 (Ghaziabd & Modinagar)


Population (2011)

21.85 Lacs


Population Density

4477 person / km2


Population Growth Rate During 2001-2011

Data Not Available


Female-Male Sex Ratio

1000 : 860


Literacy Percent

78.07 %


Major Industry

The district Ghaziabad a growing industrial city, has an important place in industrial development in U.P. The major industry are

  • Food
  • Sugar and Jaggery
  • Soft Drinks and Tobacco
  • Cotton Textiles
  • Paper and Paper Products & Printings
  • Chemical and Chemical Products
  • Machinery tools and parts
  • Transport Equipments and Parts
  • Basic Matal Products
  • Electric Machinery Equipment and Parts
  • Other Miscellaneous Products

  • Per Capita Income

    Data not available


    Net Cultivated Area

    53129 ha


    Irrigation Percent

    92%


    Cropping Intensity (%)

    159


    % Population Engaged in Agriculture

    56.8%


    Major Crops-Productivity of Sugarcane, Wheat & Rice

    Major Crop 2009-10

    Commodity Area (ha) Production (MT) Productity (q/ha)
    Paddy 24795 62657 25.27
    Wheat 76121 306071 40.21
    Sugarcane 63396 3397518 535.92

    Fruits (ha)

    Mango (685), Guava (186)


    Vegetables (ha)

    Pototo ()1500, Tomato (1062), Bhindi (2187), Cauliflower (887), Cabbage (802), Raddish (977), Lauki (920), Kerela (887), Tori (862), Brinjal (700)


    FLOWERS (ha)

    Marigold (128), Rose (123), Rajniganda (50), Gladiolous (50)


    Major Pest & Disease problems of Crops and animals Of the District

  • White grab and wilt in sugarcane
  • Termites in sugarcane and wheat
  • Sheath blight, Stem borer & BPH in Paddy
  • Late and Early blight in potato
  • Diamond back moth in cabbage
  • Yellow rust in Wheat
  • Fruit and shoot borer in Tomato and brinjal
  • Yellow vein masaire in Bhidi
  • Leaf hopper in Mango

  • Soil Fertility Status

    The soils of the district are loam, sandy loam, alkaline & saline in nature. The soils of the district very from light texture to heavy texture. A vast area comes under loam soils, normally low to medium is organic carban, available phosphorus & medium to high is available Potassium.


    Any Problem Soils

  • Depletion in ground water table
  • Declining soil fertility status
  • Deficiency of Suplhus, Zine and Iron in Soil

  • Major Animals and Their Population

    Cattle -109446, Goat - 51961, Buffalo- 580901, Piggery-6791, Sheep-1047, Poultry- 45555


    Priority / Thrust Areas

    Crop/Enterprise Thrust area
    Pulses IPM for pod borer control and introduction of new variety.
    Oilseed INM for higher and quality production
    Paddy IPM for stem borer management
    Sugarcane INM for higher production and soil health.
    Sugarcane IPM for white grub control.
    Vegetables Introduction of improved & hybrid varieties.
    Soil Health Organic matter enhancement
    Dairy Feed &fodder management.